The vibrant festival of Diwali is synonymous with lights, sweets, lamps and off course, rangoli. A traditional art form of drawing various patterns with different colors, rangoli is a common sight during festive times. Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, is largely worshipped during Diwali as it is believed that she visits her devotees and bestows them with wealth and prosperity. Hence, during Diwali, every corner of the home is decked with lamps, diyas and rangolis in various designs and patterns, including tiny footsteps to welcome Goddess Lakshmi. Hexagons, six pointed stars and six petal lotuses are the most common patterns that are used during Diwali to honor Goddess Lakshmi. Find out more info on rangoli in the lines that follow.
History & Origin Of Rangoli
The legend of rangoli is mentioned in the earliest Indian dissertation on the painting of ‘Chitralakshana’. According to this legend, the son of a high priest died and thus, the whole kingdom was engrossed with sorrow. Everyone prayed to Lord Brahma, who was touched by the prayers and asked the King to paint the image of the boy so that he might breathe life into the boy. With this, the first rangoli was made and since then, rangolis are prepared on every major Hindu festival. However according to historians in the non-mythical age, rangoli has its origin in the state of Maharashtra, from where it spread across different parts of the country.
The Art Of Diwali Rangoli
The motifs in traditional rangolis are mostly influenced by nature. Originally, natural dyes from the barks of trees and vegetables were used. Also, powdered rice, turmeric, pulses and vermillion along with flowers formed major constituents. But lately, all of these have been virtually replaced by bright and varied synthetic colors. It is believed that no gaps should be left while drawing a rangoli and the entire pattern should be created in a continuous line. The most common rangoli patterns include geometrical shapes, like swastika, Aum, stars, circles and triangles. Rangoli, as a symbol of welcome, is a common feature in rural India, where traditional methods are still used for drawing rangolis. Rangoli is also considered to be one of the most beautiful art forms in the world. Since childhood, girls start learning the art of making rangolis but for many, it is almost like a creative inheritance from the family.
Diwali Rangoli in Different States
The name and pattern of Diwali rangoli varies in different parts of the country. Rangoli is known as Ariapana in Bihar, Alpana in Bengal, Kolam in South India, and Madana in Rajasthan. In northern Bihar, Lakshmi’s footprints are drawn at the entrance with the toes pointing indoors, specifying her entry into the home. In Gujarat, there are almost a thousand varieties of lotuses drawn. Furthermore, in Tamil Nadu, an eight cornered star named Hridaya Kamalam is drawn, while in Andhra Pradesh, an eight petal lotus named Ashtadal Kamal takes the lead.
Diwali Rangoli Significance
Rangolis create an ambiance of purity and auspiciousness to perform the rituals and pujas during Diwali. They are believed to ward away evil spirits and enhance the sanctity of the place while spreading happiness all around. Nonetheless, the most important function of rangoli in Diwali is the welcoming of Goddess Lakshmi for blessing people with prosperity in the upcoming New Year.