Diwali is the festival of lights and joy. Predominantly a Hindu festival connected to the legend of Lord Rama, the Hindu god. Diwali, is actually a simpler more easily pronounceable name for Deepavali, which in its language of origin means a line of lamps. Legend has it that Deepavali was celebrated by the people of Rama’s kingdom to mark his return to the throne after years of Vanvaas, a Sanskrit term for residing in the forest. During this period, he had transversed the Indian subcontinent and defeated the king of demons, Ravana who was ruling the island of Lanka (modern Sri Lanka). The residents of the city of Ayodhya, welcomed their king with celebrations unparalleled in history and lighted lamps of ghee (clarified butter). The festival is the high point of Hindu year and marks jubilations across the world.
Indians across the continents, irrespective of their diverse ethnicity, religious differences and geographical enormity, celebrates the festival of Diwali as one. The festivities differ hugely from region to region and culture to culture. All over India, people decorate their houses and put up coronations and lighted decorations. In northern parts of the country, crackers are used heavily. Ironically, the crackers so used are mostly manufactured in southern India, where their usage is not so high. Festivities last for over five days and involve different kinds of pooja’s and events. The whole nation just plunges into a feel of happiness and joy. There are a number of customs and rituals that are undertaken in Diwali. In this section, we have give details about the customs and rituals practiced.
Rituals are the attachments of idol worshipping that have been in existence since time immemorial. The most celebrated festival in Indian culture, Diwali has its history placed in the mythological past of India. With time, there have been many several rituals and traditions that are attached with the celebrations of Diwali. The five-day long jovial festival has varied influences from the cultural traits of different parts of India. The name Diwali itself originates from the tradition of lighting clay diyas.
Diwali is a major Indian festival that celebrates the victory of good over evil, knowledge over ignorance and light over darkness. From the mythical legends associated with it to the varied customs and rituals, Diwali is an enchanting experience. The festival of lights, Diwali can never be imagined without the glowing lamps and diyas, and the colorful and noisy fireworks that brighten up the moonless night of Diwali.